How to shoot a good background that highlights the subject?

For a good photo, the subject certainly plays a decisive role, and it is also the object we focus on. The background is also an indispensable factor. While the foreground and mid-ground are very important to the story we want to tell and the depth to create, there’s no denying that the background can make a piece of work, make it even better, and just as easily destroy a good subject.

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When it comes to the composition of the picture, there are often many things to consider, from the rule of thirds to the guiding lines, from the transition of black and white to the color matching, but often in the process of considering the content, the background is ignored. Although the background always plays an auxiliary role in the picture, a good background determines the skill of the photographer. Choosing a suitable background to make the viewer forget the background is the most important thing for the photographer thing.

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What should we pay attention to when choosing a background?

1.Use background light

Regardless of the subject matter of photography, light is a key factor in a photo, especially when shooting with natural light. Natural light at different times and angles will make the picture look different.

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Just like the position of the sun and different heights will affect the background in the picture, in the early morning or evening when the sun is close to the horizon, the color of the background will show a very attractive golden yellow, when the sun has just completely set, even There will also be a purple hue, and there will also be a gradient transition from yellow to blue. 

During the day, the front light will make the sky in the background look bluer, and the backlight will make the background more white.

2.Use guide lines

In composition, the guide line is one of the basic methods of composition. Using the guide line, we can easily point to the center of gravity of the picture or divide the content of the picture. 

Not only can it be applied to the foreground to reinforce the viewer’s audience for the subject, but it can also be used as a line in the background to guide the viewer’s gaze towards the subject. In this way, the background can be used as a supplementary element to ensure that the viewer’s eyes are focused on the subject without straying from the center of gravity of the picture.

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In our real life, guiding lines can be said to be everywhere, whether it is the boundary of a building, the extension of a road, or the trees along the road, all of which can be used as guiding lines. If the guide line is used to control the assistance of the background to the subject, it is something that the photographer needs to consider.

3.Simplified background

Simplifying the background can even be said to be necessary for minimalist photography. Sometimes, we just need a simple background, so simple that we don’t even need any extra elements, so that we can put all the center of gravity on the subject without worrying that any other elements can interfere with the subject, such a background Used in still life photography, product photography and some studio portraits as well as outdoor minimalist photography.

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The way to choose a minimalist background is very simple, that is to choose a whole place with homogenization or regular texture, such as a solid color wall on a building or a regular textured back, such as the texture on a brick wall, regular texture Or a solid color will make the background look simple. Even places such as the water surface and the sky can be used as minimalist backgrounds.

4.Black and white

If you are used to shooting black and white, then you should be able to understand that high contrast can also save cluttered backgrounds. Using high contrast to distinguish dark parts from bright parts, making dark parts darker and bright parts brighter, it also eliminates most of the Distraction elements in the background. However, the use of high contrast is not so simple. It is best to be in a sunny environment. The choice of the position of the subject is equally important and requires some experience.

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5.Symmetrical background

Like the guiding line background, the symmetrical background also exists widely in life scenes. Except for a few special buildings with unique shapes, the biggest feature of most buildings is symmetry. The symmetry in the background can help us create A pleasing image. When composing a picture, we can place the subject in the center of the symmetrical background to create an absolutely symmetrical image, but it is also possible to deviate the subject from the symmetrical center to enhance the tension of the image, and sometimes breaking the rules can make the picture more eye-catching and more It can highlight the subject, and how to apply it depends on the specific situation of the screen.

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To distinguish a good photo from a mediocre one, the background is also one of the decisive factors affecting the aesthetics of the picture. Lighting the background to create different styles of shooting backgrounds allows photographers to complete different shooting needs during the shooting process.

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